What’s in this article:
- Should you hire an installer for prefinished flooring?
- One of a kind wood floors
- Rift & Quartered
- Live Sawn
- Wire brushing
- Hand scraping
- Saw marks
- All together now: Mixing textures for a unique look
- Multiple Widths
- Engineered vs. Solid
- Solid Wood Flooring
- Engineered Wood Flooring
- Rotary Cut Veneers
- Sliced Cut Veneers
- Sawn Cut Veneers
- Can I re-sand my prefinished flooring?
- Installation Area
- Above Grade
- On Grade
- Below Grade
- Walls & Ceilings
- Radiant Heat
- Home Environment
- Make the best choice for your home
- Like the guide? Download a free copy!
What is prefinished flooring?
Short answer: Prefinished flooring is hardwood flooring that is already sanded, stained and finished right out of the box. There are no further steps to finish the floor after you install the boards. It’s ready to walk on!
Traditionally, to have a wood floor installed in your home meant that raw tongue and groove wood flooring boards would be nailed or glued to a subfloor, then sanded, stained, and finished inside the home. This long process takes time, creates a lot of dust and fumes inside the home, and gives more chances for mistakes to be made during the process.
Today, prefinished wood floors solve all of those issues while providing many people with a floor that looks great and lasts a lifetime with proper care and maintenance.
Instead of on-site sanding and finishing, these steps are done in a factory controlled environment with precise calibrated equipment. The finished flooring boards are fully cured, then carefully wrapped and boxed to be delivered to the job site. They can then be installed in one step without creating dust or fumes.
The whole process can take a day or less depending on the job size, and homeowners can walk on their new hardwood floors right away.
Should you hire an installer for prefinished flooring?
Short answer: Yes, you probably should.
There are a lot of benefits to choosing prefinished wood flooring for your home or next flooring job. Although prefinished wood flooring is overall a simpler product, installing wood floors is an intermediate to advanced level home improvement project.
Our recommendation is to work with a professional installer that will make sure your floor is installed correctly. The benefits of having a professional install your wood flooring are:
- They will measure your home accurately and know how to factor in additional flooring for waste.
- They will inspect your home and subfloor to make sure wood flooring is the right choice for you.
- They will measure moisture in your home, new flooring and subfloor to know when the new flooring is properly acclimated and ready to install.
- They will know, and already have, the right tools for the job and the specific flooring you picked out.
- They will prepare your subfloor to be clean, dry, sound and flat prior to installing new wood floors.
- They will ensure the flooring is installed straight, and be able to handle complicated angles, doorways, and meeting up with other flooring surfaces.
All of these things require knowledge and experience to do well, which is why we highly recommend working with a professional when it comes to wood flooring.
That said, it is possible to DIY your own hardwood floors. There are good resources available that can help someone who is comfortable with intermediate to advanced home improvement projects do a good job.
If you don’t have an installer and would like a referral, we can help! We are the go-to wood flooring supplier throughout the Midwest. Contact one of our 12 locations and we can steer you towards a professional that will do a great job for you.
You can also stop by one of our showroom locations to get inspiration for your wood flooring project and get connected with an authorized retailer or installer.
We believe color is the most important aspect in choosing a floor for your home. If the color isn’t right for your home and your style, nothing else really matters.
Take time to consider the other elements in your home that you don’t want to change. These could be paint colors, trim, cabinets, other floor coverings, furniture, etc. Then consider whether a light, medium, or dark wood floor would work best. This will narrow down the choices and help you focus on the floors that you know will work in your home.
See more at our Prefinished Flooring Gallery.
One of a kind wood floors
Have you ever wanted something truly unique? Something that wasn’t mass produced, and looked just like what everyone else has?
Many of our prefinished floors undergo a special reactive stain process that react with tannins in the wood to create a unique look.
Factors like soil composition, amounts of sunlight and moisture, altitude and temperature can all affect how much tannin is in a tree. A reactive stain creates a special color in a relatively small batch of flooring, and will give you a truly one of a kind hardwood floor.
We place a special sticker on our flooring samples that undergo a reactive stain process to bring attention to the uniqueness of the color. When you look at these samples, you are seeing a color concept that is created through a special process. No two boards will be a like, and colors can vary from lot to lot.
“The reactive staining process allows the natural beauty of the tree to fully express itself.” – Nathan Elbrecht, Real Wood Floors.
For this reason, it’s especially important to approve these floors before they are installed in your home. It’s best to even order a box of the current lot before you make your final decision to see what the floor will look like in your home.
Wood flooring is a natural forest product. The species of tree that is used for lumber determines the species of your floor.
Every species has its own distinct characteristics and appearance – no two trees are exactly alike. In addition to the width and color of your flooring planks, the species you choose will be one of the main factors in determining how your floor will look.
One consideration is the density (or hardness) of each species, which is measured by a Janka rating. The higher the number, the denser (or harder) the wood is. Oak, Hickory, Birch, Maple and Walnut are all suitable hardwoods for flooring. Hickory and Northern Maple are considered very hard, while Walnut is on the lower end of the Janka scale. Oak is considered average.
There is no right or wrong choice here. The questions to consider are:
- How much traffic your floor will be getting?
- Will there be a chance heavy objects could be dropped or moved on it?
- Is it in a commercial setting?
In some of these situations, a denser (harder) species may be advisable. See the differences between each species in our Prefinished Flooring Gallery.
See more in our Prefinished Flooring Gallery.
Many species of hardwood are photosensitive, and will change appearance when exposed to UV light.
Species like Walnut, and American Cherry are especially sensitive to color change. Other species like White Oak and Maple are less sensitive.
The reality is that all wood floors will be affected by light over time. You can slow this process down and make it less noticeable by:
- Using window treatments in areas with a lot of direct natural sunlight.
- Rotate furniture and area rugs to expose the floor uniformly to sunlight
- Understand this is a natural process for many hardwood species, and will give your floor a rich, unique patina over time.
There are three primary ways a log can be cut for flooring: plainsawn, rift & quartered, and livesawn.
The way lumber is cut for flooring can have a significant effect on its appearance. Most times, lumber yards and flooring mills are cutting logs for maximum yield. This allows them to use as much of the log for flooring as possible.
Plainsawn is what the majority of prefinished flooring is cut for because it produces the greatest yield from a log. Plainsawn wood, also referred to as “flat sawn”, means the log is cut so that the annular growth rings of the tree are 30 degrees or less to the face of the board plank. This results in a “cathedral” grain pattern on the face of the board.
As a premium option, some mills will cut logs in a less efficient way that produces different grain patterns on the face of the board. The two options that can be found in prefinished flooring are “Livesawn” and “Rift & Quartered.”
Rift & Quartered
Quarter Sawn boards are cut with the end grain at a 60-90° angle to the face of the board. At this angle, the grain appears in very straight lines and the medullary rays (lines running through the growth rings in the tree trunk) in the lumber are split open to produce a stunning fleck pattern in the face of the board.
Rift Sawn boards are cut so the end grain is at a 45° angle to the face of the board. This produces a beautiful linear grain pattern and is the least efficient (and most expensive) way to cut lumber.
In prefinished wood flooring, these two cuts are usually combined and sold as “Rift & Quartered” flooring. This is a premium option, and there are only a handful of Rift & Quartered species available as a prefinished wood floor.
The Brick and Board Collection from Real Wood Floors has two colors that are Rift & Quartered – Cupola and Solarium. See them here.
Live Sawn lumber is simply cut straight across the log. The resulting planks have a varied mix of Plainsawn, Rift sawn and Quarter sawn grain.
This cut is mostly used in wide plank flooring that is 6” or wider. Livesawn flooring has become increasingly popular and prevalent in prefinished wood flooring, especially in European Oak.
See more at our Prefinished Flooring Gallery.
Because prefinished floors are manufactured in a factory controlled environment, extra steps can be added to the process to put texture into the flooring boards before they are stained and finished. This can be done through wire brushing, hand scraping, saw marks, or a combination of all.
Floors that are wire brushed have a hard metal bristle brush applied to the wood surface to brush out the soft grain. This gives the floor a “weathered” look that can add character to a floor.
Many floors are scraped to add depth and character to the boards. Some manufacturers try to recreate this texture with machines, but it is hard to substitute the look of a true hand scraped floor with no repeating patterns or obviously machined details.
Historically, hardwood floors were not able to be sanded as thoroughly as they are today. This left a lot of the original saw marks in the face of the board.
Today, this look has become more popular with the desire for an authentic vintage or reclaimed style. Many manufacturers are choosing to leave in or add saw marks to their prefinished flooring, creating a stunning appearance.
All together now: Mixing textures for a unique look
Creativity knows no bounds when it comes to texture in prefinished flooring. Many prefinished floors today that are brand new can have the look of a 100-year-old reclaimed floor. Something that would otherwise be prohibitively expensive and impossible to find is now readily available as a prefinished hardwood floor.
See more at our Prefinished Flooring Gallery.
In addition to color and species, one of the most important choices to make when considering an unfinished wood floor is how wide the planks will be.
Unlike the thickness or construction type of the floor, this is a choice you will be reminded of when you or your client look at the floor every day.
Most solid prefinished wood floors are available in 3-¼” and 5”, some will also be available in 2-¼” or 4”.
Engineered prefinished wood floors are typically 5” and wider, up to 8” with some manufacturers having options for even wider planks.
Many prefinished flooring manufacturers have options for multiple width floors. For instance, you could have a floor with 4″, 6″ and 8″ planks in alternating rows.
This multi-width layout is a great design choice, and can help provide a unique look to your floor. It is also eco-friendly as using varied board widths helps make the most use of the log, leading to less waste.
The choice of your flooring widths is largely a matter of taste and what you want your floor to look like.
One thing to consider when choosing a solid wood floor is that the wider the floor, the more significant the movement of the board can be when it is exposed to either a very dry or very moist environment. Wider planks can gap more significantly in dry weather, or swell and cup more noticeably in very moist conditions. Engineered boards are less affected by big swings in moisture.
For nail down installation of planks that are 5” and wider, we recommend that a glue assist method be used in addition to the nails to keep the boards from moving as much.
As always, for any solid or engineered it is important to keep the humidity in the home controlled between 35-55% RH. This is the range in which wood flooring is most stable.
See more at our Prefinished Flooring Gallery.
Engineered vs. Solid
True hardwood floors can either be made from one solid piece of lumber or engineered with a real hardwood veneer on top of a plywood core. While you can get the same beautiful hardwood look from both types, they also have their own benefits.
See more at our Prefinished Flooring Gallery.
Solid Wood Flooring
Solid wood floors are made from one solid piece of lumber. Lumber is harvested from trees and is kiln dried to somewhere between 6-9% moisture content. The lumber is then milled with a tongue and groove, resulting in a flooring plank that is usually ¾” thick.
Solid prefinished wood floors are ideal for homes where conditions can get dry, homes with plywood subfloors, and for levels that are on grade (same level as ground outside) or above grade (not basements).
Engineered Wood Flooring
Recently, engineered prefinished floors have become more popular and the quality of these floors is very good. Instead of using one solid piece of lumber for each plank, lumber is cut into thinner veneers. These can range from 1.5mm to 4mm. Veneers are then bonded with a plywood core. This gives the floor exceptional stability. Engineered floors are available in the following thicknesses: ⅜”, ½”, ⅝”, 9/16” or ¾”.
It’s important to note that engineered wood floors, are still true hardwood floors! They are slightly thinner, and have multiple layers to give them stability.
Engineered floors are ideal when being installed over concrete, in a home that can have higher moisture content, or when intending to glue down or float the flooring.
The veneers for engineered wood floors can be cut in different ways that affect the appearance of the grain pattern.
Rotary Cut Veneers
Logs can be carefully “peeled” while they rotate to create a long, thin veneer – almost like unrolling a roll of paper towels.
This veneer is then bonded as a sheet to plywood and planks are cut out of the sheet.
A rotary peeled engineered floor is the most economical and eco-friendly of flooring types because it uses as much of the log as possible. It creates a flat, cathedral type grain pattern, and is usually 2mm or less in thickness.
Sliced Cut Veneers
Once a tree is cut down, a log can be “squared” and very sharp blades under high pressure can be used to “slice” veneers from the squared log.
Sliced floors keep the natural grain appearance in the floor, and can be cut for plainsawn, livesawn, or rift & quartered grain patterns. The veneers are typically 2-3mm in thickness.
Sawn Cut Veneers
Similar to a sliced veneer, sawn veneers are cut with actual saws and can be made thicker than rotary peeled or sliced veneers (up to 5mm or more).
Sawn cut veneers keep all the natural grain appearance, and can also show characteristics like band saw marks and circle saw marks.
See more at our Prefinished Flooring Gallery.
Can I re-sand my prefinished flooring?
Short answer: If you have a solid wood floor, the answer is most likely yes.
As long as the floor has not been sanded too many times before, there should be plenty of wood to re-sand and refinish the floor. Keep in mind, that sanding a floor will remove all color and texture, but you will have a like-new surface to stain and finish however you like.
If you have an engineered wood floor, the answer depends on the thickness of the top veneer of hardwood. Veneers that are at least 3mm will typically have enough wood to be able to re-sand.
If your floor is too thin to re-sand or you don’t want to lose your color and texture, you can fix most scratches and dull finish by re-coating your floor with a new coat of finish.
Each manufacturer may have different requirements on what kind of finish can be used to re-coat the floor. You’ll want to work with a professional to re-sand or re-coat your prefinished wood floor.
Do you need a referral to a flooring professional in your area? Contact us today and we’ll get you in touch with someone to do the job right.
It is important to consider what area of the home you are installing flooring in when choosing what type of floor to buy. Manufacturer’s may specify which areas their flooring is approved for installation. Be sure to follow their recommendations to not void their warranty.
This is any area that is above ground level. For the most part, just about any floor will perform well above grade. This keeps wood flooring away from moisture coming through the ground into the subfloor and ultimately affecting your hardwood floors.
Most floors will also work when installed on grade or at a level that is at the same level as the ground outside. It is still important to make sure that moisture from the ground does not affect the flooring. This can be done by using moisture barriers or underlayment between the subfloor and your prefinished wood flooring.
Any area that is below the outside ground level (even partially) is considered below grade. This includes walk out basements. Extra precautions need to be taken to ensure that ground moisture does not affect the wood flooring.
Some flooring manufacturers may not recommend their floors to be installed below grade. In addition, some adhesives used to glue wood flooring to the subfloor are not recommended for use below grade.
See our guide on concrete slab moisture when considering installing wood flooring over concrete.
Walls & Ceilings
Many people are choosing to use wood flooring, especially engineered wood flooring, as a wall covering for a specific room or feature wall. This can be a great way to accent a room.
While solid wood flooring may be used, engineered wood floors are thinner and lighter and can be easier to install on a wall or ceiling. Even though these “floors” won’t be walked on, it’s still important to follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for installation and acclimation.
In some homes, a radiant heating system is used to keep floors warm either as a secondary heat source or as a comfortable addition to a room, such as a bathroom or kitchen. With certain precautions, some wood floors can be used over radiant heating systems.
Care must be taken that the heat source does not cause the wood flooring to dry out below the manufacturer’s recommended level (typically 35% relative humidity, or 6% moisture content). Any sudden or extreme change in moisture levels can cause flooring to dry out, crack, gap, or in some cases delaminate.
Always read manufacturer’s installation guidelines and warranties to be sure that the flooring you choose and the materials you need to install it are approved for the area you are installing wood floors. For the floors that we sell, we have installation guides with all of the necessary documents to help you properly install the floor.
Wood floors need to be in a consistent environment to perform best.
This is especially true when it comes to temperature and humidity. If a floor gets too dry, gaps can start to appear between boards, checks or cracks can form in the face of your flooring, squeaks and other noises will be more likely. In extreme cases the flooring may become damaged beyond repair.
On the other hand, if flooring takes on too much moisture boards can swell, cup, and even come loose from the subfloor.
Keeping your home in a consistent environment, within the flooring manufacturer’s guidelines, will prevent this from happening and help your floor last for many years. Typically, this means keeping your home between 60-80 degrees and 35-55% relative humidity.
Water and wood do not go well together. Be careful about installing wood flooring where spills are likely, such as near a shower or tub.
Other things to consider when installing prefinished hardwood floors are the type and amount of traffic the room will get.
An entry way, kitchen, living room, or hallway is likely to a lot of foot traffic. You may want to consider a floor that can be re-sanded one day to restore it to new condition.
Most solid prefinished wood floors can be re-sanded multiple times. Re-sanding completely removes all finish, stain and texture and is only done if the wear or damage to a floor is significant. The floor can then be stained and finished to look like new, but typically the texture is lost and you’ll end up with a smooth wood floor.
Many engineered wood floors can be re-sanded, depending on the thickness of their wear layer (the top layer of the board that can be re-sanded and refinished). An engineered wood floor should have at least a 3mm wear layer to be considered “re-sandable”.
Another option to renew the appearance of a hardwood floor without sanding it is to “re-coat” the floor. This involves cleaning and buffing the top layer of finish, then applying one or more new coats of finish. This method usually removes most surface scratching and wear without affecting the color or texture of the wood floor.
Prefinished wood floors can really make a room pop, especially when coordinating trim pieces and flooring vents are used.
We offer trim pieces, stair parts and floor vents that are stained to match all of our prefinished wood flooring collections.
These general tips will help keep flooring in great shape for many years:
- Use walk off mats at all entry points to keep dirt and debris from scratching your floor.
- Wipe up spills quickly and don’t let water sit on the floor.
- Keep your interior environment consistent, between 60-80 degrees and 35-55% relative humidity.
- Use a microfiber dust mop to keep the floor clean of dirt and debris.
- Use a recommended wood floor cleaner and microfiber mop to clean the floor.
See our Cleaning and Maintenance page for products we recommend.
Another benefit of prefinished wood flooring is that they typically come with a manufacturer’s limited warranty.
Prefinished flooring manufacturers can offer a limited warranty because they keep tight control of the manufacturing process and often guarantee that the wood will be structurally sound and the finish will not wear through for a certain number of years.
Some manufacturer’s limit their warranty to a period of years (25-50 years is typical), others choose to offer a lifetime warranty.
Be careful of relying on lifetime warranties as a measure of quality.
A floor that has a lifetime warranty compared to one that has a 50-year warranty is not “twice as good.” It means that the manufacturer has built-in plenty of profit margin to cover any rare failures that may occur.
It’s also important to know what is covered, and what is not covered under a limited warranty. Manufacturers can only warranty what they can control and many things related to the job site, installation, and cleaning and maintenance are not within their control but can have a great effect on the wood flooring.
The following are some things that are typically NOT covered by manufacturers warranties for prefinished wood floors:
- Squeaks or other noises (these symptoms are nearly always job site related)
- Scratches, dents, and dings
- Damage due to moisture or dry conditions outside of the recommended range
- Damage related to installation
- Significant color variation that is not caught prior to installation (always approve boards before installing them).
You can find all our warranty information for our prefinished wood floors here.
Make the best choice for your home
As a go-to wood flooring supplier, we are ready to help you make the best choice for your home when it comes to buying a hardwood floor.
Contact one of our 12 locations to learn more, or stop by one of our showroom locations to explore our collections of prefinished wood flooring and get connected with a local professional retailer or installer to get the job done right.